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Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is the gradual deterioration of the sharpest point of vision on the retina (macula) leading to progressive loss of central vision. The central vision is required for performing many daily tasks such as reading, writing, watching television, recognizing faces and more. Its loss can have significant negative impact on an individual’s daily activities. In macular degeneration, peripheral (side) vision is usually not affected.

Macular degeneration mostly occurs in the elderly usually showing up from age 50 years and above. This is often referred to as age-related macular degeneration (ARMD or AMD) because it occurs as a result of the aging process of the eyes. Macular degeneration can also affect  children and young people and this type is known as juvenile macular degeneration or macular dystrophy.